For the final project of this course, I had to learn about one more multimedia tool: Camtasia. This program allows you to created videos by incorporating screenshots from your computer with audio. Since I used Adobe Premiere Pro for my last project, Camtasia was not difficult to navigate. I was able to edit video and audio clips without too much trouble since I was familiar with the timeline and how to make transitions.
I decided to create a lesson plan that covered the ethics behind photo editing for journalism and how to make some common edits in Photoshop CC 2018 that my staff will use for the yearbook and online news site.
Title: Editing Photographs for Yearbook Journalism
Overview and Rationale:
Yearbook staff members may need to edit photos for the publication. Staff members should know how to make minor adjustments to correct white balance and exposure on images. They need to be aware of the ethical considerations before editing any image. For alternative coverage or feature spreads, students will need to be able to remove backgrounds from images to isolate the subject. This lesson will clarify how to ethically edit images and complete the correct edits for a specific journalistic purpose.
Goals for Understanding
- How much can a photograph be altered in journalism?
- How can I tell if my image has correct white balance and exposure?
- When is it acceptable to cut out the background of an image?
- How can you make changes without destroying the image?
- What is the correct way to save the image once edited?
Overviews and Timeline:
Activity 1 (One 48 minute class)
Discuss manipulating photos by using the JEA lesson “A Picture Never Lies”
- Students will discuss what types of photo corrections/alterations do they think are “acceptable” when it comes to editing a photo? These types of considerations are especially important when it comes to yearbooks, which often plan, choose, and adjust photos based on theme development and artistic presentation. What responsibility do journalists have toward readers when making these decisions?
- Ask student which of the following types of edit are acceptable:
- editing out something distracting in a photo’s background OR foreground
- flipping a photo
- adjusting the brightness/contrast
- adjusting the color
- cropping the photo
- filters, special effects, and color themes for a yearbook
- The class view the JEA presentation “Manipulated Photos” and discuss how each image was altered and if there is an ethical problem with the edit. Then read the excerpts of some photo editing policy statements.
- Students will then read Snorri Gunnarsson’s article, “Photojournalism on Steroids.” After reading the article the class will discuss their reactions to the article.
- Students will then discuss review the school publication’s policy on photo editing. Discuss what specific edits would be acceptable and which ones would be misleading.
Activity 2 (One 48-minute class)
- Students will discuss what will be the most common photo edits they need to perform for the yearbook and online news production. We will review the importance of editing ethically.
- Next, the class with review student images Student Work in Progress presentation and discuss what skills or tools could be used with each photo.
- Students will log on to classroom computers or Chromebooks and review the Camtasia lesson on how to adjust white balance, exposure and cut out a background. Editing Tutorial
- Students will begin the photo editing assessment. Students will be able to choose photos from a folder to edit.
Assessment (One 48-minute class)
All photos in the folder will require some editing for white balance and exposure. Some photos will require cropping and some can have the background cut out. Students will make the copy of the images and then make corrections. Photos to edit
First, you will need to correct the white balance and exposure of the image. You can also crop the image if you feel it is needed. When you are done, you will save the save as a jpeg titled: lastname.wbe
Next, you will cut out the background of an image. When you are done you will save as a jpeg titled: lastname.cob
Students will be using a rubric for photo editing for self-evaluation and teacher evaluation. Students will be rating themselves from 1-5 and provide feedback about the decision made.
To view JEA curriculum, you must be a member of the JEA. I have provided the names of lessons and presentations so you can access them through JEA Curriculum Photojournalism, links are provided in the lesson plan for presentations, handouts, and sample photos.